Below are articles around early delays, risk factors, exposures, and learning. There is a lot in process about NAS and opiate exposure outcomes. Previously "benign" exposures (e.g. cigarettes, marijuana) are now being understood to have impact as well as those recognized pre-1990 (e.g. alcohol, old medications).
- Concurrent medical conditions and health care use and needs among children with learning and behavioral developmental disabilities, National Health Interview Survey, 2006–2010
- Learning disabilities among extremely preterm children without neurosensory impairment: Comorbidity, neuropsychological profiles and scholastic outcomes
- Child and environmental risk factors predicting readiness for learning in children at high risk of dyslexia
- Prenatal exposure to nicotine and impaired reading performance
- Is smoking in pregnancy an independent predictor of academic difficulties at 14 years of age? A birth cohort study.
- Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome and High School Performance
- Language-learning impairments: a 30-year follow-up of language-impaired children with and without psychiatric,neurological and cognitive difficulties